Does circumcision protect against HIV and other STDs (Sexually Transmitted Diseases)?

Whether or not men are circumcised, they are advised to follow safe-sex techniques such as proper use of male condoms and avoidance of sex with infected partners. Circumcision has been shown to decrease the incidence of HIV transmission in high-prevalence areas but is not protective against HIV transmission or STDs.

In addition, circumcised infants have a lower risk of urinary tract infections.

What are the disadvantages of circumcision?

The disadvantages of circumcision include a need for a surgical procedure and attendant risks of surgery.  After a small percent of men less than 1% feel that they lose some penile sensitivity.

What are the complications of circumcision?

There are a number of complications that can be associated with circumcision.  Usual surgical complications such as a surgical infection and bleeding can occur but not common.  Poor healing results with scarring can occur after circumcision especially in men with predisposition to scar formation or keloid formation.  Meatal stenosis (narrowing of urethra) can occur in some boys and men after circumcision which may require treatment with steroidal cream, a meatotomy or additional treatment.  Removal of too much skin or too little skin can lead to excessive tension and tightness or redundant skin respectively.